Vineyard cottages along Saale-Unstrut
They are the trademarks of the wine area Saale-Unstrut: the historical vineyard cottages. Probably in no other region of Germany there is such a high density of buildings, cottages or even villas. You can find several hundreds of vineyard cottages, among them jewels of their current epoch, along Saale and Unstrut.
The ´Steinkauz´ (little owl) from the year 1555, near Steinmeister in Roßbach, is regarded as being the oldest example for a half-timbering turret.
But the biggest variety of historical vineyard cottages has got the Freyburg Schweigenberg. You can find 90 vineyard cottages, built between 1700 and 1800, at an area of about 20 hectare.
The Freyburg Schweigenberg is the most popular terraced vineyard in the region: the 25 hectare area is divided into five to ten terraces and parted in several small plots – a real cultural monument for this traditional kind of farming. More than 40 wine-growers run twelve hectare of vineyards with about 10 km dry walls, five km fencing walls, some hundred metres of stairs on altogether 65 plots – and not to forget the already mentioned 90 vineyard cottages, buildings and huts. Originally they were made to protect the workers in the vineyard, to keep watch and to store tools. This is also a reason for the high density in Schweigenberg, because the hill was parted in many small plots and many wine-growers have worked here, everyone built an own cottage. And because Schweigenberg has never been part of reallocation of agricultural land, the houses in their variety could be kept.
Later the vineyard cottages became places of social meetings, the owner`s wine events often took place there. Buildings were created that were formed after representative ideas and architectural styles.
The villa of court jeweller Carl Gottlieb Steinauer, which was built as a representative residential home in 1722 is a good example.
Also the grandiose ´Schlifterhütte´ at the Friedrich Schlifterweinberg was built because of representative reasons by the owners of the Rotkäppchen Sektkellerei Foerster and Kloss.
The Rococo vineyard cottage at the Herzoglicher Weinberg in Freyburg (Unstrut) belongs to the most imposing buildings. This hexagonal building which was built by Saxon tax consultant Carl Gottlieb Barthel entrances by its half-timbering, its French roof and a vaulted basement.
But the most famous of all these vineyard cottages is the ´Toskanaschlösschen´, situated in Freyburger Schweigenberg: this jewel is the landmark of the vineyard along Saale-Unstrut.