Wine-growing Saale-Unstrut – Vineyard cottages along Saale-Unstrut
Who moves from one place to another in the wine-growing area Saale-Unstrut travels through a wonderful landscape. Not only natural beauty and abundance of species have an effect on you, but also the man-made, often terraced vineyards at the hills. These underline the morphological character of the area with their walls, stairs and wine files, compress or break them. In this way a characteristic network of a high-grade wine-growing culture is created which has been known along Saale-Unstrut for centuries.
Functions of the vineyard cottages
Small buildings of different character are the centre in this system – the cottages in the vineyard. They are often called hut or vineyard cottages. They have been and still are essential for the wine-growers. They were shelter for their tools, offered opportunities for wine guarding and gave shelter during rigours of nature. Later the top room was used for events of the owner. Some time later buildings were created that were formed after representative ideas and architectural styles. Sometimes the former economic background was lost and houses only for representation and living were built. But the majority of cottages maintained their original task, they stayed simple, functional and often unnoticed.
Most of the vineyard cottages were built in the 18th century. In 1722 for example the Naumburg citizen and Weißenfels court jeweller Carl Gottlieb Steinauer let built a baroque memorial of wine culture and joy of life in his vineyard near Großjena. After 1910 the building of vineyard cottages waned. A reason therefore was the invasion of the vine pest. But in 1925 the building of a few residential houses and from 1950 onwards the building of some weekend cottages in the vineyards began.
The vineyard cottage was closely connected with the vineyard in which it was built. When the vineyard was run, the building was well-maintained. The natural park ´Saale-Unstrut Triasland´ made one of the most prominent vineyard cottages in the ´Herzoglicher Weinberg´ (its presentation vineyard, built in 1773/74) available for the public.
The 2.5 hectare ´Schlifterweinberg´ near Freyburg with its vineyard cottage was also repaired and is used as a demonstration vineyard of the region.
Characteristics in the Höhnstedt region
The area of wine-growing Saale-Unstrut around Halle consists of steep and terraced southern slopes above the lakes Süßer See, Bindersee and Kernersee as well as the coloured sandstone along the river Sulza. The historical vineyard cottages in Höhnstedt area often were leaned against the slope or built in the slope. Several houses were built into the ground at the bottom of the vineyard. The steep or flattened gable roofs often are covered with soil and grown over with grass. The fragment walls were made of coloured sandstone and were either built dryly or put together with whitewash mortar. Often the lintel is built with sandstone as basket or round arch, later renovations were made with bricks. The unusual amount and variety of buildings is a feature which is unique in Germany.
These strictly divided terraces with their dry walls and vineyard cottages have got a share of 20 per cent along Saale and Unstrut and leave their marks in this cultural landscape. The rich cultural, agricultural, architectural and folkloric interesting supply of vineyard cottages is a treasure of the local wine-growing area.